Site selection 選址
The site chosen to demonstrate the three principles outlined in the previous section is located at Tseung Kwan O, also called Junk Bay. This is a natural location for incremental growth at the edge of the established urban core.
Junk Bay opens up to the strait between Chai Wan and the Clear Water Bay Peninsula, which is called Nam Tong Channel in Cantonese. This is where this proposal gets its name.
Nam Tong comprises just over 200 hectares of proposed land reclamation in Junk Bay, as well as the existing Tseung Kwan O Industrial Estate, LOHAS Park, the Tseung Kwan O Area 137 Fill Bank, Junk Island (Fat Tong Chau), and three landfills, two of which are closed. Including both existing land and proposed reclamation, the study area comprises approximately 688 hectares.
The proposed reclamation will affect only artificial shorelines, while the natural shoreline of Fat Tong Chau has been preserved. The site lies outside Victoria Harbour, and therefore does not fall within the remit of the Protection of the Harbour Ordinance.
The closed landfills that surround the site are actually an advantage. Major development cannot take place on a closed landfill due to ground subsidence as well as the health hazard posed by leachate and landfill gas. But closed landfills can be redeveloped as parks, as has been successfully demonstrated elsewhere in Hong Kong. The operational SENT Landfill is nearing capacity and can also be redeveloped as a park following decommissioning, providing opportunities for sport and leisure.